The workplace is undergoing radical changes, not only in the way it is being transformed and rebuilt in the post-Soviet world, but also in the role it will play in our lives. This is a fundamental turning point in the development of the workplace as an invention of the telephone or as a dependency on the Internet.
Apartment – The insensitivity of the company offices at the beginning of Billy Wilder’s film is nailed to the classic image: Jack Lemmon works in his office in a huge lobby, with hundreds of employees in similar offices stretching out into the distance. In the film there is no need to specify the factory system – in a photo everything is said.
Despite the fact that employees are slowly returning to the office, company lawyers and HR teams are not aware of the rules of the new workplace. For example, the government of Karnataka issued a statement on 3. On 1 May, the Commission will issue an opinion to all companies active in information technology/information services (IT/ITS) and business process management (BPM), including guidelines for the recovery of offices. The notification, which is based on an order from the Union Ministry of the Interior (a copy of which can be found at the Mint), states that while workers should be encouraged as much as possible to work from home, strict protocols should be followed in cases where key workers have to be returned to their place of work. These measures include the daily monitoring of each worker using thermal scanners, the mandatory use of face masks, ground markings to maintain a physical distance in the work area and, most importantly, the monitoring of the entrance, cafeteria, work area through video surveillance of the physical distance and practice. There’s more than you think. Companies are required to return raw video surveillance equipment to the office of the additional Deputy Police Commissioner every two weeks. Several states have made or are preparing similar recommendations.
In addition, all companies in the public and private sector should make it compulsory for employees to return to work, see the application of the Aaroga Setu trade union government. This will serve to facilitate contacts in case of positive results of the audit of the Kovid-19 staff, in accordance with a decree of the Government of the Union of 1 January 2007. Mei. The responsibility for 100% coverage of this demand by staff lies with the heads of the respective organizations, according to the Ministry of the Interior.
Mad Men – Mad Men distilled life in an advertising agency in Manhattan in the sixties and seventies and made it incredibly glamorous. With its sumptuous atmosphere, well-dressed staff and festive drinks, this is the most beautiful, chic office – if you’re white and masculine.
Private technology companies are trying to meet the new demand for video surveillance systems. Take, for example, the technology company Supervue.Ai in Visahapatnam, which has developed two products for video surveillance systems. One of these is the Touchless Attendance Tracker, an artificial intelligence (AI) solution that allows you to capture the arrival and departure of employees and identify any unusual events that occur in your facility using video from existing cameras. The other is the Social Distance Monitor, which identifies people and the distance they keep from each other and warns the authorities in case of crowds. These statistics are displayed on the carer’s dashboard to monitor the patterns of social exclusion in their area. This can be used to periodically improve behavior in the community, the company said on its website.
Another national AI production company, Staqu Technologies, based in Gurugramma, informed La Monnaie on 10 October. May announced that 15 companies have signed contracts or are testing their technology. The company has adapted its existing JARVIS video analysis software to determine whether people wear masks or respect social distance rules and to monitor the body temperature of employees. At the same time, global companies such as Smartvid.io, which offer similar services, are already being used in countries such as the United States and China to bring employees back to their offices and track their every move.
Chhoti Si Baat – Basu Chatterjee’s film is a photo of workplaces in India in the 1970s: boring furniture, talkative workers, office boys bringing tea and listening to the radio. It is also a reminder of the importance of these offices as social spaces – Vidia Cignya’s novel with Amol Palekar begins when she enters her office.
But supervision will be limited to more than just office space. Teleworking will develop in the post-Soviet knowledge economy and with it the use of monitoring software and applications, which will become mandatory on employees’ phones and computers to monitor productivity. These technologies already exist, but experts say that their application will become much more universal. Welcome to the new office.
Historians who have studied the development of the modern office say there is reason to believe that the first offices in ancient Rome were created as spaces for government work and that these spaces have somehow existed for centuries. But not before the 18th century. Special office buildings appeared in the 19th century. In fact, one of the earliest offices as we know it is the East India House on Lidenhall Street in London, built in 1729, the headquarters of the East India Company.
The American mechanical engineer Frederick Winslow Taylor is often regarded as the guru of modern office design. In the early 1900s, Taylor saw offices as a more static version of a factory floor: a large open space with desks lined up in strict rows, usually opposite the desk of a manager or supervisor who could monitor employees – not surprisingly, as Taylor was a management consultant and the father of scientific management hired by industry to improve efficiency.
Office – A workplace comedy was set up in a branch of a paper company where many unmotivated employees kill time. The ordinary furniture and decoration revealed the sadness and absurdity of office life with its small hierarchies and protocols, and for nine seasons the office and its staff have supported us all.
After the Second World War, offices around the world started to give employees more privacy from the cockpit. But the eagerness to maximize space, combined with the increasing value of real estate, has led to the installation of more and more taxis in office spaces, giving rise to the term Farm Cab, which today conjures up images in the imagination of a disenthusiastic workforce wandering around in boring, dead-end jobs.
Of course, modern offices are far removed from the soulless, joyless spaces that Taylor had imagined, but with an open-plan office somewhere in the 1990s, they really have come back to Taylor’s ideal. The modern open-plan office was presented as a shortcoming of the cube farms, as a way to unlock communication between employees, to stimulate cooperation and perhaps also as a way to save space.
The open-plan office has had a good reign – it was the dominant form of office design for more than two decades – but it began to fall into disuse even before the current pandemic. A well-known 2018 study by Harvard researchers Ethan S. Bernstein and Stephen Turban, entitled The Impact of Open Workspace on Human Collaboration, used field data to demonstrate that open-plan offices actually hinder collaboration and personal interaction. Instead of increasingly encouraging face-to-face collaboration, open architecture appears to have triggered a natural human response by socially withdrawing from the office and communicating via email and instant messaging (IM) instead, according to the study, which also showed that open-plan offices reduce productivity by increasing visual and auditory distractions.
In the post-pandemic era, open-plan offices will certainly not be used for the simple reason that it will be difficult to maintain social distance and prevent the spread of infection without physical barriers between people – for example, when a single cough puts 3,000 drops in the air and a sneeze, up to 40,000 drops are emitted at speeds of over 80 kilometres per hour.
Love Aage Kal – With young professionals increasingly opting to collaborate, it’s no wonder that in a determined young film like this, the heroine is played by Sarah Ali Khan. It looks appropriate, hips (and expensive): skillfully naked, scribbling boards, and a friendly owner who will make you a drink when you’ve had a hard day.
One of the living concepts running through many countries that are slowly opening up their economies is that of the 1.80 m long office. The concept developed by the commercial real estate company Cushman & Wakefield, which has attracted more than a million employees in companies of various sizes in China, is based on high principles, such as a brief but thorough analysis of the current working environment in terms of antivirus protection and a visually displayed and unique routing for each office, ensuring total security of the traffic flow, but depends mainly on physical interventions, such as one-way corridors, red marking floors, red flags and warning signs.
Certainly the transformation of existing open-plan offices into shared spaces will require investment, and planners don’t know how many organizations in India will want to invest that money, especially when incomes and general indicators are almost universally depressed.
Open plan offices are literally the enemy of everything that has to do with social distance, says architect Gita Ramanan, co-founder and CEO of Design Café, a design agency based in Bengaluru and Mumbai. It’s not just about creating physical barriers. The transformation from an open-plan office building to an 1980s office farm affects everything from the layout of the rooms to the air conditioning and even the operation of the lighting in the office. Restructuring, which means a return to all these parties, involves enormous costs. Discussions in the design and architecture community have developed in an interesting way; in three or four weeks of a blockade it was said that we made the partitions, but now most people come to the conclusion that at least in the short to medium term many companies will say: Let our employees work from home.
The age of duty
The 16th. On April 4, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) said in a conference call following the income announcement that the company would have 75 percent of its 448,000 employees worldwide (including 350,000 in India) working from home by 2025, an increase of 20 percent over the previous industry average. We believe we don’t need more than 25% of the workforce in our facilities to be 100% productive, said N.G. Subramaniam, COO of TCS, over the phone.
The new model, referred to as 25/25 (only 25% of the total number of people working in an office in 25% of cases), was quickly converted into a module called Secure Borderless Jobs (SBWS) when the Prime Minister approved the new model on 24 March. March announced a three-week blockade. It has transferred 90% of its 448,000 employees to a working model that it had introduced in recent years. In response, other large IT companies such as Infosys Ltd and HCL Technologies indicated that they were considering models in which up to 50% of their staff would work remotely.
In terms of business continuity… we will always have a certain percentage of people working from home… …so you can easily move from one situation to another in similar situations in the future, Infosys U.B. Director Pravin Rao said in an April revenue call.
It’s not just IT companies that want this transition. The current situation has disproved many myths (about the productivity of workers in a homework situation). Many brick and mortar organizations have learned that a lot of useful work has been done during this period and that communication between employees has actually been strengthened, said Raj Narayan, Senior Vice President and Director of Human Resources at Titan Industries Ltd, on the phone. Everything that is not physically present has received enormous recognition. At Titan, we’ve seen video calls easily replace physical encounters – in fact, the encounters have become more focused. We will certainly be more open to working remotely than before, Narayan said.
But it’s not a one-size-fits-all solution. Constantly working from home has its problems, especially for companies dealing with confidential customer data, and it is not the case that all employees would go unconditionally far enough, some even want to come to the office. We conducted an employee survey during a recent all-team meeting and a significant number of employees indicated they would like to return to the office. We expect to be somewhere in the middle (local and remote) and to continue to work in physical offices while striving for a culture of happiness, says Suman Gopalan, human resources director at Chennai-based Freshworks, a global leader in cloud-based business solutions.
The guys at work are excited.
Remote work speeds up. But we (as an industry) were very early on the road to a pandemic, which greatly accelerated the process, says August Azaria, deputy director of human resources at IBM India. One of the most important things that will result from this is an active discussion about conditional work (because of the flexibility of the workplace) and the way in which companies will apply the same rules and guarantees as in the office. We will also see more attention paid to the health and well-being of employees – the emotional well-being of employees has been an important topic of discussion in various forums in recent weeks, says Azaria.
The cost ratio for managing large offices and campuses that anyone can imagine. Operating costs amount to almost 25% of the company’s total production and working remotely will significantly reduce costs. Costs are certainly an important factor at the moment. We cannot close our eyes to the fact that most of the expenditure is made in the field. In the future, companies will see how many of their staff need to be present at the workplace, Gopalan predicts.
Get ready: The days of the large, expensive office campus with its gyms, food court, cycle paths and trendy cafes may be over. The movement to bring all employees together in a large, customized space and encourage employees to spend more and more time on campus, which began in the 1940s with the campus of communications giant AT&T, Bell Labs, in New Jersey, and ended with the huge technology campuses in Silicon Valley and Bengaluru, can be put to the test by Covid-19. Previously, companies were consolidated through better economies of scale, but in the new scenario, the cost of maintaining a 5,000-seat office will be extremely high, says Rishi Das, co-founder and president of IndiQube’s building management company.
Sharing and renting office space and managed office space is certainly being considered. Companies will be looking for more mobility in terms of smaller, more localized workplaces and offices or a hybrid situation with a large office and smaller facilities at different locations. The workers’ boys are very enthusiastic, says Manu Neelakandhan, director of IdeaCulture, a design agency.
The team is indeed one of the most optimistic when it comes to commercial real estate. Teleworking is likely to be widely accepted and working from home will be part of this strategy. We believe this will act as a catalyst for flexible workplaces to become a solution in most markets, as companies want their teams to be located and distributed closer to home, said a representative of the Indian Jobs Association (IWA), an industry association representing companies such as WeWork, 91springboard and BHIVE.
Live where you work.
These changes could enable our life-saving cities to finally heal themselves. Some people think he might even change the office to make it work. В. Ravichandar, chairman of the Bengaluru-based consulting firm Feedback Consulting Services and a civic activist who is in regular contact with the government on political issues, has been campaigning for several years to get people to live where they work. This is the way of thinking that prevailed when Bengaluru was formed by Bharat ELECTRONICS Ltd. (BEL), ITI Ltd. and Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. (BHEL) to encourage employees and their families to live close to their place of work. We had this code, and we broke it, he says. A pandemic can set this plan in motion when companies realise that permanent domestic work is impossible and undesirable. Instead of a large campus, there will be a movement to locate the work and residence of as many people as possible, with residential and work centres and the nearest centres – smaller offices in different parts of the city.
The city can take a break, but what about the employee? While the move to teleworking encourages the use of software to monitor employee productivity, it is not a global commodity, says Sarayu Natarajan, founder of the Aapti Institute of Bengaluru, which researches issues related to technology and society. Digital surveillance takes brutal forms by carrying the technology rather than allowing real interaction in the workplace, allowing for more subtle negotiation. It raises concerns about both the privacy and self-esteem of the employee; it deprives the employee of autonomy and has no purpose.
In July 2017, a technology company called Three Square Market, or 32M, based in Wisconsin, U.S.A., made a name for itself in technology circles for hosting a campus party, where more than 50 employees voluntarily used RFID chips to unlock their computers or access different areas of the office implanted in their forearms. Will this soon become a new standard? Anything is possible in the post-pandemic department.